Mycena galericulata (Scop.) Gray

Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 619 (1821)

© A. Aronsen, 2003


Solitary to fasciculate on old stumps, on fallen branches and generally on decaying wood of both deciduous and coniferous trees. Late spring to late autumn. Very common and widely distributed. Also recorded in North Norway. See the records in The Norwegian Mycological Database.

Pileus 20-60 mm across, broadly conical, parabolical to convex, eventually flattening to plane with age, mostly with a prominent umbo, sulcate to conspicuously rugose, translucent-striate, glabrous, in young stages often pale to fairly dark date brown, becoming beige to grey-brown, usually sepia brown at the centre, and often whitish at the margin. Lamellae 25-32 reaching the stipe, ascending, sometimes anastomosing or furcate and sometimes dorsally intervenose with age, elastic-tough, adnate to emarginate, sometimes decurrent with a short tooth, white, not infrequently turning pale incarnate to pink. Stipe 45-110 x 1.5-5 mm, hollow, cartilaginous, elastic-tough, equal or somewhat broadened below, terete or compressed, straight to curved, glabrous, very dark sepia brown in young specimens, becoming grey-brown, the apex often pale grey to whitish, darker grey brown below, the base usually covered with coarse, whitish fibrils, rooting into the substratum. Odour indistinctive or somewhat disagreeable. Taste farinaceous.

Basidia 33-55 x 8-10 µm, clavate, 2-spored or 4-spored, with sterigmata up to 10 µm long. Spores 10-12 x 7-9 µm (2-spored basidia) or 9-12 x 6-7 µm (4-spored basidia), Qav = 1.2-1.7, broadly pip-shaped, smooth, amyloid. Cheilocystidia 17-50 x 7-18 µm, forming a sterile band, clavate to more or less irregularly shaped, often with new heads apically, covered with few to fairly numerous, unevenly spaced, cylindrical, simple to branched, more or less curved excrescences 2-25 x 1-2 µm. Pleurocystidia absent. Lamellar trama dextrinoid. Hyphae of the pileipellis 2-2.5 µm wide, sparsely to densely diverticulate, with excrescences up to 10 µm long, simple to very branched, forming dense masses. Hyphae of the cortical layer of the stipe 2-3 µm wide, sparsely covered with cylindrical excrescences 2-5 x 1 µm. Clamp connections presentat all tissues in 4-spored form.

Microphotos of cheilocystidia and spores 1

Microphotos of cheilocystidia 2

Microphotos of cheilocystidia 3

Mycena galericulata belongs to Mycena sect. Mycena. It is a very variable species but is usually possible to identify in the field on account of the large size, the grey-brown, rugose pileus, the elastic-tough stipe and the farinaceous taste. M. maculata P. Karst. is often spotted with reddish brown markings; it lacks the farinaceous taste, the spores are smaller, and the hyphae of the pileipellis are smooth to sparsely diverticulate. The North American species M. hemisphaericaPeck is supposed to have almost completely smooth hyphae of the pileipellis, but at present there is some doubt about its separation from M. galericulata(see Maas Geesteranus 1985: 354). M. atrochalybaea Huijsm. is another species with the hyphae of the pileipellis mostly smooth, and with the hyphae of the stipitepellis smooth as well. M. romagnesiana Maas Geest. is supposed to lack a translucent striation of the pileus; it has a smell of apple when cut, then sweetish fruity, and the taste is indistinctive, not farinaceous, and the hyphae of the pileipellis are smooth or only covered with low warts (Maas Geesteranus 1991b).

The differences can be tabulated as follows, and one will see that the differences are very small. These species are in great need of further studies:

M. maculata
M. galericulata
M. hemisphaerica
M. romagnesiana
M. atrochalybaea
Spores 7.5-9.2 x 4.3-6.3 um 9-12 x 6-7 um 7-10 x 4-5 (-5.8) um 8.1-9.4 x 5.8-6.3 um 7-9 x 4.5-5.8 um
Hyphae of the pileipellis smooth to sparsely diverticulate densely diverticulate, tending to form dense masses smooth to sparsely diverticulate smooth to sparsely diverticulate smooth to very sparsely diverticulate
Hyphae of the cortical layer of the stipe smooth to sparsely diverticulate sparsely diverticulate diverticulate smooth to sparsely diverticulate smooth
Terminal cells fairly numerous, diverticulate, inflated quite rare quite rare or absent not mentioned quite rare, smooth, not inflated
Lamellar edge discontinously sterile completely sterile completely sterile completely sterile completely sterile
Cheilo-cystidia covered with fairly few, simple to much branched, tortuous to torulose, straight to curved or flexuous excrescences covered with few to fairly numerous, simple to branched, usually curved excrescences covered with comparatively few, usually simple, curved excrescences covered with comparatively few, simple, curved excrescences covered with fairly few, simple to branched, curved excrescences
Lamellae reaching the stipe
20 - 23
20 - 39
c. 19 - 22
27 - 30
30 - 40

 

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Further images on the Internet:

Nahuby.sk

Die Pilze Pilze Galerie

Jaroslav Malý

MykoWeb

 

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© Arne Aronsen 2002-2013